Loyalität

Von Ingrid Rimland

Als der in den USA geborene Jonathan Pollard verhaftet, vor Gericht gestellt, enttarnt und schließlich zu einer hohen Gefängnisstrafe verurteilt wurde, weil er als Spion für das Land seiner Loyalität gearbeitet hatte - er hatte als Offizier der US-Streitkräfte die höchsten strategischen und taktischen Geheimnisse der USA an Israel verraten -, trommelten die Medien auf das Volk ein, daß trotz dieses faulen Apfels die amerikanischen Juden loyal zu den USA stünden und daß Israel der großartigste demokratische Verbündete, wenn nicht gar der einzige Verbündete der USA im mittleren Osten sei. (Vgl. z.B. Albert R. Hunt, "President Clinton, don't free the traitor Pollard", The Wall Street Journal, 24.2.1994, S. A19.)

Die nachfolgend aufgelisteten Organisationen setzten sich für eine Herabsetzung der Strafe des amerikanischen Verräters und Spions für Israel ein - ein Mann, dem nachgesagt wird, er habe den USA ähnlich schwer geschadet wie die Atomspione der späten 40er Jahre, die Rosenbergs, die unter lautem Protest vor allem jüdischer und marxistischer Kreise ihrer gerechten Strafe zugeführt wurden. Wie steht es nun mit der Loyalität dieser Kreise?

A.D.L. Irvine, CA. Regional Board
Avocats Sans Frontières - (France)
Agudath Israel of America
Aish HaTorah - (Toronto)
American Association of Rabbis
American Jewish Committee National *
American Jewish Congress National *
American Jewish League for Israel
Americans For A Safe Israel (A.F.S.l.)
Americans For Progressive Israel
American Sephardi Federation
American Zionist Movement
Amit Women
Archbishops of San Francisco and Boston
Ascent Institute (Israel)
Association of Children of Holocaust Survivors
Association of Soviet Jewry of Canada
Atlanta Rabbinical Association
Atlantic Jewish Council of Eastern Canada
Baltimore Board of Rabbis *
Baltimore Jewish Council *
Bergen County Board of Rabbis
Beit Halochem (Canada)
Beth Din-Rabbinical Court of Greater Philadelphia
B'nai B'rith Canada
B'nai B'rith International
B'nai Brith Women - Greater Philadelphia Council
B'nai Zion
Board of Deputies of British Jews
Board of Jewish Ministers of Greater Montreal
Board of Rabbis of Greater Philadelphia
Board of Rabbis of Greater Phoenix
Board of Rabbis of Southern California
Bridgeport Board of Rabbis (CT)
B'rith Sholom
Brooklyn Board of Rabbis
Buffalo Board of Rabbis
Calgary Rabbinical Council - (Alberta Canada)
Canadian Association of Ethiopian Jews
Canadian Council of Reform Zionists (Kadima)
Canadian Friends of the International Christian Embassy - Jerusalem
Canadian Holocaust Remembrance Association
Canadian Jewish Congress
Canadian Society for Yad Vashem
Canadian Volunteers For Israel
Canadian Zionist Federation
Cantors Assembly
Central Conference of American Rabbis
Central Council of The Jewish Communities in Sweden
Chabad Lubavitch of Markham Ontario
Chabad Lubavitch of Southern Ontario
Chicago Board of Rabbis
Chicago Rabbinical Council
Chief Rabbi of Denmark - R Bent Melchior
Chief Rabbi of Haifa Israel- R S.Y. Cohen
Chief Rabbi of France - R J. Sitruk
Chief Rabbis of Israel- R A. Shapira R M. Eliahu
Chief Rabbi of South Africa- R Cyril Harris
Child Survivors of The Holocaust- Delaware Valley
Christian Broadcasting Network Inc. - (CBN/ Rev. Pat Robertson)
Cincinnati Board of Rabbis
CIPAC- (Christian Israel Political Action Committee)
 
City Councils of:
Albany, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, Miami Beach, Beverly Hills, W. Hollywood
Cleveland Board of Rabbis
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Comité de Coordination des Organisations Juives de Belgique
Conference of Presidents of Major Jewish Organizations *
Conseil Représentatif des Institutions Juives de France (CRIF)
Coopération Féminine - France
Council of Jewish Organizations of Boro Park
Council of Reform & Liberal Rabbis - U.K.
Dayton Synagogue Forum (OH)
Decalogue Society of Lawyers - Chicago, Ill
Democrats Abroad - (Israel)
East Bay Council of Rabbis (California)
Emunah Women of America
Eternal Life - Hemshesh, Atlanta, Georgia
European Jewish Congress - Mr. Jean Kahn
European Parliament
Evangelical Leadership Campaign to Free Jonathan Pollard
Executive Council of Austrian Jewry
Federation of Jewish Men's Clubs Inc.
Federation of Jewish Men's Clubs - N Y. Metro Region
Federation of Polish Jews of The United States Inc.
Fellowship of Traditional Orthodox Rabbis
Golden Rule Society Inc.
Greater Orlando Board of Rabbis (Florida)
Hadassah WIZO Organization of Canada
Hadassah - Women's Zionist Organization of America
Herut Likud of Great Britain
Hineni Heritage Center - N.Y.C.
Houston Rabbinical Association - TX
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Interfaith Resources, Inc.
International Association of Jewish Lawyers and Jurists
International Christian Embassy of Israel
Jersey Federation of Temple Youth (J.F.T.Y.)
Jewish Action Initiative (Toronto, Canada)
Jewish Action Alliance
Jewish Civil Right Educational Foundation of Canada
Jewish Community Center on the Palisades (NJ)
Jewish Community Council of Pelham Pkwy, N.Y.
Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council - National (N.J.C.R.A.C.)
 
Jewish Community Relations Committees of:
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The Jewish Federation of Greater Buffalo, N.Y.
The Jewish Federation of Greater Fort Lauderdale, Fla.
The Jewish Federation of Greater Houston (Texas)
Jewish Community Relations Councils of:
(In addition to National resolution)
Atlantic & May Counties, N.J.
Bergen County, N.J.
Broome County, N.Y.
Broward County, Fla.
Boston, Mass.
Central N.J.
Charleston, S.C.
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Dayton, Ohio
Detroit Michigan
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Greater Middlesex County, N.J.
Greater Philadelphia, PA. *
Greater San Jose, CA.
Honolulu, HI.
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Los Angeles, CA.
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New York City
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San Fransisco, The Peninsula, Marin, and Sonoma Counties
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Scranton, Lackawanna, PA.
Southern Arizona
Southern, N.J.
Springfield, Ill.
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Toledo, OH
Trenton, N.J.
Ulster County, N.Y.
Youngstown Area Jewish Federation, OH
The Jewish Federations of:
Atlanta, GA.
Augusta, C.A.
Berkshires, Mass.
Calgary, Canada
Champaign-Urbana, Ill.
Chicago - Young Leadership Division
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Columbus, Ohio
Delaware
Denver & Colorado
Des Moines, Iowa
Fort Wayne, IN.
Galveston Cnty., TX
Greater Charlotte, No. Carolina
Greater Clifton/Passaic, N.J.
Greater Monmouth County - N.J.
Greater New Haven, CT
Greater Orlando, MA **
Greater Rochester, N.Y.
Greater Rockford, Ill.
Greater Springfield, Mass.
Greater Toronto
Greater Vancouver, Canada
Greater Wilkes Barre, PA.
Greenwich, CT
Halifax, Nova Scotla, Canada
Jacksonville, Fla
Jewish Charities of Lafayette, Ind.
Las Vegas, Nevada
Lee County, Fla
Lincoln, Nebraska
London, Ontario - Canada
Memphis, Tenn.
Michigan City United Jewish Welfare Fund
Montreal, Canada
Northwest, Ind.
Orange County, CA
Palm Beach County, Fla
Peoria, Illinois
Portland Maine *
San Diego, CA.
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Shreveport, LA.
Sioux City, Iowa
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The Quad Cities (Ill./Iowa)
The Jewish United Fund of Metropolitan Chicago
Volusia & Flagler Counties, Fla.
Waco & Central TX
Washington DC
Windsor, Ont.
Worcestet, Mass.
Jewish Labor Committee
Jewish Lawyer Guild
Jewish National Fund
Jewish Political Caucus
Jewish Teachers Association- Morim (New York)
Jewish War Veterans of Canada
Jews for Judaism, Canada
Joshua Circle
Judiska Forsamlingen, Göteborg - Sweden
Knesset of Israel - 80 Members
Kollel Avreichim -Toronto, Canada
Labor Zionist Alliance of Chicago
Labor Zionist Alliance of New York
Likud Herut of Great Britain
Long Island Board of Rabbis
Long Island Committee for Soviet Jewry
Louis D. Brandeis Society of Zionist Lawyers
Massachusetts Board of Rabbis
Mazal Project - Monsey, N.Y.
Michigan Board of Rabbis
Minnesota Rabbinical Association
Mizrahi Organization of Great Britain
Morris/Sussex County Board of Rabbis (N.J.)
NA'AMAT USA
National Committee for Furtherance of Jewish Education of Nassau County
National Council of Jewish Women of Canada (Toronto Section)
National Council of Young Israel
National Jewish Civil Service Employees Inc. - Chesapeake Regional Chapter
National Jewish Legal Defense Fund Inc.
New Fraternal Jewish Association (Canada)
New Haven Board of Rabbis (CT)
New Jersey State Assembly
New York Association of Reform Rabbis **
New York Board of Rabbis
New York State Assembly - 50 Members
North American Jewish Student Network
North Broward Board of Rabbis (Florida)
North Shore Rabbinical Association - Mass.
North Suburban Synagogue Council (Chicago)
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Notre Dame Law School - Notre Dame, Ind.
Operation Esther- Czech Republic
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Orthodox Rabbinical Council of Cleveland
Orthodox Rabbinical Council of San Francisco
Orthodox Rabbinical Council of South Florida
Rabbinic Fellowship of Greater Pittsburgh
Rabbinical Alliance of America
Rabbinical Assembly
Rabbinical Association of Delaware
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Rabbinical Association of Greater Kansas City
Rabbinical Association of Greater Miami
Rabbinical Association of Ottawa, Ont., Canada
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Rabbinical Board of The Bronx
Rabbinical College of Australia & New Zealand
Rabbinical Council of America
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Rabbinical Council of Greater Baltimore
Rabbinical Council of Greater Washington, D.C.
Rabbinical Council of London UK
Rabbinical Council of Greater Manchester, UK
Rabbinical Council of Massachusetts
Rabbinical Council of Ontario
Reconstructionist Rabbinical Association
Reform Synagogues of Great Britain
Religious Roundtable/ Ed McAteer- Executive Director
Religous Zionists of America
Rhode Island Board of Rabbis
Rhode Island Federation of Orthodox Jewish Organizations
Rochester Board of Rabbis (New York)
Rockland County Board of Rabbis - (New York)
Rocky Mountain Rabbinical Council
San Diego Rabbinical Association
Second Generation Kol Israel of Cleveland, Ohio
Sephardic Society of Manhattan
Silverthorn Ministerial Association - (Canada)
Simon Wiesenthal Center
Société Civile Professionnelle d'Avocats - (France)
Society For Retired Attorneys Inc., Florida
South Palm Beach Board of Rabbis
St. Louis Rabbinical Association
Suffolk County Bar Association, Mass.
Synagogue Council of America
Tau Epsilon Rho
The Shaarit Haplaytah - Detroit
The Board of Deputies of British Jews
Toronto Board of Rabbis
Toronto Zionist Council
Toronto-Mississigua Regional Multifaith Committee on Spiritual and Religious Services
Touro College Law Center
Union of American Hebrew Cong. U.A.H.C.
Union County Board of Rabbis (New Jersey)
Union des Etudiants Juifs de Belgique
Union for Traditional Judaism
Union of Council for Soviet Jews
Union of Orthodox Synagogues of South Africa
Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregation of America - (Orthodox Union)
Union of Orthodox Rabbis of The United States and Canada
United Hebrew Congregation of Johannesburg
United Synagogues of America (New York Metropolitan Region)
United Synagogues of Great Britain
Vaad Harabonim of Far Rockaway & Lawrence, N.Y.
Vaad Harabonim of Flatbush, Brooklyn, N.Y.
Vaad Harabonim of Queens
Vaad Harabonim of Toronto
Vaad Hoeir of St. Louis
Vancouver Holocaust Center Society
Washington D.C., Board of Rabbis
Washington State Board of Rabbis
Winnipeg Council of Rabbis (Canada)
Wisconsin Council of Congregation Rabbis
World Jewish Congress - American Section
World Union for Progressive Judaism
World Zionist Congress - 32nd Session
Zionist Organization of America

http://www.shamash.org/lists/jpollard/t410orga.htm; Stand: 15.1.1997;

* = Einsatz für eine Revision des Urteils; ** = Einsatz für Strafmilderung.


Quelle: Vierteljahreshefte für freie Geschichtsforschung 1(1) (1997), S. 30ff.
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